The Resource Leanness in Domestic Birds : Genetic, Metabolic and Hormonal Aspects

Leanness in Domestic Birds : Genetic, Metabolic and Hormonal Aspects

Label
Leanness in Domestic Birds : Genetic, Metabolic and Hormonal Aspects
Title
Leanness in Domestic Birds
Title remainder
Genetic, Metabolic and Hormonal Aspects
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Leanness in Domestic Birds: Genetic, Metabolic, and Hormonal Aspects is a proceeding of a symposium held in Tours, France, from 4 to 6 August 1987. Said symposium was concerned with genetic and metabolic factors associated with leanness of poultry and accounts of research in these areas. The book is divided into six parts. Part I covers studies that involve genetics in the selection of meat leanness. Part II deals with the relationship of feed intake and metabolism to the leanness of poultry. Part III discusses the lipid metabolism in birds and its related factors and effects. Part IV talks about the use of hormones such as insulin, thyroid hormones, and corticosteroids in the control of fatness in birds. Part V covers studies involving amino acid metabolism and its relation to leanness in poultry, and Part VI talks about the applications of the studies in commercial use. The text is recommended for zoologists, agriculturists, and poultry farmers who would like to know more about the different factors that affect the leanness of domestic birds and its implications
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Leclercq, B
LC call number
SF498.7 -- .L43 1988eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Whitehead, C. C
  • ProQuest (Firm)
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Broilers (Chickens) -- Congresses
  • Leanness in chickens -- Congresses
Label
Leanness in Domestic Birds : Genetic, Metabolic and Hormonal Aspects
Link
https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/multco/detail.action?docID=1874377
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Front Cover -- Leanness in Domestic Birds: Genetic, Metabolic and Hormonal Aspects -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Contributors -- Part I: Genetic basis for leanness and selection experiments -- Chapter 1. Strategies of selection for leanness in meat production -- Introduction -- Phenotypic and genetic parameters -- Fatness measurements of use in selection -- Molecular genetics approach -- Appendix 1.1 Relative importance of growth and fatness as selection objectives -- Appendix 1.2 Selection for growth and leanness by an index incorporating body weight and indirect assessment of fatness Model -- References -- Chapter 2. Genetic selection of meat-type chickens for high or low abdominal fat content -- Introduction -- Foundation stock -- Selection programme -- Results of divergent selection -- Heritabilities -- Phenotypic and genotypic correlations -- Effect of selection according to sex -- Preservation of experimental lines -- Observations on reproductive traits -- Research programmes undertaken on these lines -- References -- Chapter 3. Selection for leanness in broilers using plasma lipoprotein concentration as selection criterion -- Introduction -- The basis for selection using plasma VLDL -- The plasma VLDL selection method -- Selection of broilers using plasma VLDL -- Correlated responses -- Responses to diet -- Reproductive performance -- Discussion -- References -- Chapter 4. Selection for leanness: results of the Spelderholt experiment -- Introduction -- Foundation stock and selection methods -- Comparison of the lines for weight gain, abdominal fat and feed conversion -- Genetic parameters -- Effects of selection on miscellaneous traits -- Fertility -- Effects of selection relative to dietary protein -- Conclusions -- References
  • Chapter 5. Experimental divergent selection on abdominal fat in broilers - parental female and male type lines and their crosses -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 6. Development of lean and fat lines of chickens by sire family selection procedures -- Introduction -- Initial selection -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Part II: Feed intake and energy metabolism -- Chapter 7. Relationships between feed intake, energy balance and adiposity -- Introduction -- Food intake in relation to growth and fattening -- Effect of fatness on food intake -- Dietary manipulation -- Sites of action of metabolites on feed intake -- Integration of feedback signals -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 8. Energy metabolism in genetically fat and lean birds and mammals -- Introduction -- Energy expenditure: mammals -- Partition of retained energy: mammals -- Locomotor activity: mammals -- Thermoregulatory heat production: mammals -- Regulatory diet-induced thermogenesis and brown adipose tissue: mammals -- Control of non-shivering thermogenesis: mammals -- Energy input, food intake and metabolizability: birds -- Energy expenditure: birds -- Partition of retained energy: birds -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 9. Intermittent feeding responses in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Materials and method -- Results -- Chapter 10. Hyperphagia is not the primary cause of fatness in broilers selected for high plasma lipoprotein concentration -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 11. The influence on leanness of selection for feed efficiency -- Introduction -- Conclusions -- Reference
  • Chapter 12. Divergent selection for residual feed intake in laying hens: effects on growth and fatness -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Discussion and conclusion -- References -- Chapter 13. The influence of intermittent light on broiler performance and on patterns of food intake -- Acknowledgement -- Chapter 14. Size and enzyme activity in the gastrointestinal tract of broiler lines divergently selected on abdominal fat -- References -- Part III: Lipid metabolism -- Chapter 15. Fat deposition in birds -- Introduction -- Distribution of adipose tissues in the body -- Body weight and size of adipose tissues -- Growth of adipose tissues -- Fat mobilization from adipose tissues -- Growth and proliferation of the adipocytes -- Effect of early adiposity on subsequent fattening in broiler chickens -- Influence of diet on body fat deposition -- Effect of dietary energy and fat on adipose tissue weight and on fat concentration at various sites -- Effect of dietary protein concentration on adipose tissue weight and on fat concentration at various sites -- The response of adipose tissue fatty acid profile to dietary composition Effect of soybean oil supplementation and energy density -- Lipogenesis -- References -- Chapter 16. Plasma lipoprotein metabolism and fattening in poultry -- Introduction -- Lipoprotein metabolism in immature hens and male chickens -- Plasma lipoprotein metabolism in laying hens -- References -- Chapter 17. Avian adipose tissue: growth and metabolism -- Introduction -- Adipose tissue: cell size and number -- Lipoprotein lipase - a key regulator of hypertrophy in birds -- Regulation of lipolysis and its role in hypertrophy -- Control of hyperplasia -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 18. Activities of NADPH-generating enzymes in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Introduction -- Materials and methods
  • Results and discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 19. Selecting broilers for high or low plasma VLDL concentration: comparison of in vivo lipogenesis between fat and lean lines -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- References -- Chapter 20. Hepatic Δ9 desaturating activity in genetically lean and fat chickens -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 21. Plasma phospholipids and triglycerides in four experimental lines genetically different in their fattening -- Introduction -- Materials and method -- Results and conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 22. In vitro sensitivity of adipocytes from lean or fat chickens to glucagon and to an analogue of adenosine -- Introduction -- Materials and method -- Results -- Discussion -- References -- Part IV: Hormonal control -- Chapter 23. Pancreatic hormones other than insulin in birds -- Introduction -- Cytology of pancreatic islets in the duck -- Metabolic role of glucagon in avian species -- Somatostatin (SRIF) -- References -- Chapter 24. Insulin in birds: metabolic effects and possible implications in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Introduction -- Characteristics of bird insulin -- Insulin receptors in chicken tissues -- Role of insulin in chicken metabolism -- Insulin in fat and lean chickens -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 25. Insulin secretion in birds -- Distribution of insulin in tissue and insulin blood concentration -- Regulation of plasma levels of insulin -- Observations on insulin secretion in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 26. Thyroid hormones, corticosterone, growth hormone and somatomedins in avian species: general effects and possible implications in fattening -- Introduction
  • The hormonal control of lipogenesis and lipolysis -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 27. Plasma thyroid hormone levels in divergent lines of lean and fat broilers -- Introduction -- Methods and materials -- Results -- Discussion -- References -- Chapter 28. Plasma pancreatic hormones in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 29. Correlations between plasma glucose and adiposity in genetically fat and lean chickens -- References -- Part V: Amino acid metabolism -- Chapter 30. Protein turnover and energy metabolism inanimals: interactions in leanness and obesity -- Introduction -- Technique considerations -- Amino acid utilization -- Dynamics of protein metabolism -- Human obesity (nutritional) -- Genetic obesities -- Hormonal manipulations to regulate protein and fat retention -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 31. Amino acid and protein metabolism in genetically lean and fat lines of chickens -- Introduction -- Differences in amino acid and protein metabolism between fat and lean broilers -- Modelling studies -- Conclusion -- References -- Part VI: Practical considerations -- Chapter 32. Selection for leanness and carcass quality -- Introduction -- The Nouzilly studies -- Carcass composition -- Organoleptic characteristics -- Discussion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 33. Commercial consequences of selecting for leanness in poultry -- Overview of the modern broiler industry -- Relative growth of meat-type poultry -- Carcass composition and feed efficiency relationships -- Growth, carcass composition and nutrient utilization in poultry -- Commercial application of methods for selecting lean broilers -- References -- Closing address -- Chapter 34. Conclusions of the symposium: objectives, results and future developments
  • Objectives
Control code
EBC1874377
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (420 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781483100791
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2018. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC1874377
  • (Au-PeEL)EBL1874377
  • (CaPaEBR)ebr10990614
  • (CaONFJC)MIL664959
  • (OCoLC)897642238
Label
Leanness in Domestic Birds : Genetic, Metabolic and Hormonal Aspects
Link
https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/multco/detail.action?docID=1874377
Publication
Copyright
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Front Cover -- Leanness in Domestic Birds: Genetic, Metabolic and Hormonal Aspects -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Contributors -- Part I: Genetic basis for leanness and selection experiments -- Chapter 1. Strategies of selection for leanness in meat production -- Introduction -- Phenotypic and genetic parameters -- Fatness measurements of use in selection -- Molecular genetics approach -- Appendix 1.1 Relative importance of growth and fatness as selection objectives -- Appendix 1.2 Selection for growth and leanness by an index incorporating body weight and indirect assessment of fatness Model -- References -- Chapter 2. Genetic selection of meat-type chickens for high or low abdominal fat content -- Introduction -- Foundation stock -- Selection programme -- Results of divergent selection -- Heritabilities -- Phenotypic and genotypic correlations -- Effect of selection according to sex -- Preservation of experimental lines -- Observations on reproductive traits -- Research programmes undertaken on these lines -- References -- Chapter 3. Selection for leanness in broilers using plasma lipoprotein concentration as selection criterion -- Introduction -- The basis for selection using plasma VLDL -- The plasma VLDL selection method -- Selection of broilers using plasma VLDL -- Correlated responses -- Responses to diet -- Reproductive performance -- Discussion -- References -- Chapter 4. Selection for leanness: results of the Spelderholt experiment -- Introduction -- Foundation stock and selection methods -- Comparison of the lines for weight gain, abdominal fat and feed conversion -- Genetic parameters -- Effects of selection on miscellaneous traits -- Fertility -- Effects of selection relative to dietary protein -- Conclusions -- References
  • Chapter 5. Experimental divergent selection on abdominal fat in broilers - parental female and male type lines and their crosses -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 6. Development of lean and fat lines of chickens by sire family selection procedures -- Introduction -- Initial selection -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Part II: Feed intake and energy metabolism -- Chapter 7. Relationships between feed intake, energy balance and adiposity -- Introduction -- Food intake in relation to growth and fattening -- Effect of fatness on food intake -- Dietary manipulation -- Sites of action of metabolites on feed intake -- Integration of feedback signals -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 8. Energy metabolism in genetically fat and lean birds and mammals -- Introduction -- Energy expenditure: mammals -- Partition of retained energy: mammals -- Locomotor activity: mammals -- Thermoregulatory heat production: mammals -- Regulatory diet-induced thermogenesis and brown adipose tissue: mammals -- Control of non-shivering thermogenesis: mammals -- Energy input, food intake and metabolizability: birds -- Energy expenditure: birds -- Partition of retained energy: birds -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 9. Intermittent feeding responses in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Materials and method -- Results -- Chapter 10. Hyperphagia is not the primary cause of fatness in broilers selected for high plasma lipoprotein concentration -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 11. The influence on leanness of selection for feed efficiency -- Introduction -- Conclusions -- Reference
  • Chapter 12. Divergent selection for residual feed intake in laying hens: effects on growth and fatness -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Discussion and conclusion -- References -- Chapter 13. The influence of intermittent light on broiler performance and on patterns of food intake -- Acknowledgement -- Chapter 14. Size and enzyme activity in the gastrointestinal tract of broiler lines divergently selected on abdominal fat -- References -- Part III: Lipid metabolism -- Chapter 15. Fat deposition in birds -- Introduction -- Distribution of adipose tissues in the body -- Body weight and size of adipose tissues -- Growth of adipose tissues -- Fat mobilization from adipose tissues -- Growth and proliferation of the adipocytes -- Effect of early adiposity on subsequent fattening in broiler chickens -- Influence of diet on body fat deposition -- Effect of dietary energy and fat on adipose tissue weight and on fat concentration at various sites -- Effect of dietary protein concentration on adipose tissue weight and on fat concentration at various sites -- The response of adipose tissue fatty acid profile to dietary composition Effect of soybean oil supplementation and energy density -- Lipogenesis -- References -- Chapter 16. Plasma lipoprotein metabolism and fattening in poultry -- Introduction -- Lipoprotein metabolism in immature hens and male chickens -- Plasma lipoprotein metabolism in laying hens -- References -- Chapter 17. Avian adipose tissue: growth and metabolism -- Introduction -- Adipose tissue: cell size and number -- Lipoprotein lipase - a key regulator of hypertrophy in birds -- Regulation of lipolysis and its role in hypertrophy -- Control of hyperplasia -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 18. Activities of NADPH-generating enzymes in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Introduction -- Materials and methods
  • Results and discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 19. Selecting broilers for high or low plasma VLDL concentration: comparison of in vivo lipogenesis between fat and lean lines -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- References -- Chapter 20. Hepatic Δ9 desaturating activity in genetically lean and fat chickens -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results and discussion -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 21. Plasma phospholipids and triglycerides in four experimental lines genetically different in their fattening -- Introduction -- Materials and method -- Results and conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 22. In vitro sensitivity of adipocytes from lean or fat chickens to glucagon and to an analogue of adenosine -- Introduction -- Materials and method -- Results -- Discussion -- References -- Part IV: Hormonal control -- Chapter 23. Pancreatic hormones other than insulin in birds -- Introduction -- Cytology of pancreatic islets in the duck -- Metabolic role of glucagon in avian species -- Somatostatin (SRIF) -- References -- Chapter 24. Insulin in birds: metabolic effects and possible implications in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Introduction -- Characteristics of bird insulin -- Insulin receptors in chicken tissues -- Role of insulin in chicken metabolism -- Insulin in fat and lean chickens -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 25. Insulin secretion in birds -- Distribution of insulin in tissue and insulin blood concentration -- Regulation of plasma levels of insulin -- Observations on insulin secretion in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 26. Thyroid hormones, corticosterone, growth hormone and somatomedins in avian species: general effects and possible implications in fattening -- Introduction
  • The hormonal control of lipogenesis and lipolysis -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 27. Plasma thyroid hormone levels in divergent lines of lean and fat broilers -- Introduction -- Methods and materials -- Results -- Discussion -- References -- Chapter 28. Plasma pancreatic hormones in genetically fat and lean chickens -- Introduction -- Materials and methods -- Results -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 29. Correlations between plasma glucose and adiposity in genetically fat and lean chickens -- References -- Part V: Amino acid metabolism -- Chapter 30. Protein turnover and energy metabolism inanimals: interactions in leanness and obesity -- Introduction -- Technique considerations -- Amino acid utilization -- Dynamics of protein metabolism -- Human obesity (nutritional) -- Genetic obesities -- Hormonal manipulations to regulate protein and fat retention -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 31. Amino acid and protein metabolism in genetically lean and fat lines of chickens -- Introduction -- Differences in amino acid and protein metabolism between fat and lean broilers -- Modelling studies -- Conclusion -- References -- Part VI: Practical considerations -- Chapter 32. Selection for leanness and carcass quality -- Introduction -- The Nouzilly studies -- Carcass composition -- Organoleptic characteristics -- Discussion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 33. Commercial consequences of selecting for leanness in poultry -- Overview of the modern broiler industry -- Relative growth of meat-type poultry -- Carcass composition and feed efficiency relationships -- Growth, carcass composition and nutrient utilization in poultry -- Commercial application of methods for selecting lean broilers -- References -- Closing address -- Chapter 34. Conclusions of the symposium: objectives, results and future developments
  • Objectives
Control code
EBC1874377
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (420 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781483100791
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2018. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC1874377
  • (Au-PeEL)EBL1874377
  • (CaPaEBR)ebr10990614
  • (CaONFJC)MIL664959
  • (OCoLC)897642238

Library Locations

  • Albina LibraryBorrow it
    3605 NE 15th Avenue, Portland, OR, 97212, US
    45.549039 -122.650525
  • Belmont LibraryBorrow it
    1038 SE César E. Chávez Boulevard, Portland, OR, 97214, US
    45.515217 -122.622669
  • Capitol Hill LibraryBorrow it
    10723 SW Capitol Highway, Portland, OR, 97219, US
    45.448003 -122.725422
  • Central LibraryBorrow it
    801 SW 10th Avenue, Portland, OR, 97205, US
    45.519098 -122.682899
  • Fairview-Columbia LibraryBorrow it
    1520 NE Village Street, Fairview, OR, 97024, US
    45.532283 -122.439336
  • Gregory Heights LibraryBorrow it
    7921 NE Sandy Boulevard, Portland, OR, 97213, US
    45.551662 -122.581264
  • Gresham LibraryBorrow it
    385 NW Miller Avenue, Gresham, OR, 97030, US
    45.500070 -122.433041
  • Hillsdale LibraryBorrow it
    1525 SW Sunset Boulevard, Portland, OR, 97239, US
    45.479852 -122.694013
  • Holgate LibraryBorrow it
    7905 SE Holgate Boulevard, Portland, OR, 97206, US
    45.490548 -122.582218
  • Hollywood LibraryBorrow it
    4040 NE Tillamook Street, Portland, OR, 97212, US
    45.537544 -122.621237
  • Isom BuildingBorrow it
    205 NE Russell Street , Portland, OR, 97212, US
    45.541222 -122.663268
  • Kenton LibraryBorrow it
    8226 N Denver Avenue, Portland, OR, 97217, US
    45.582857 -122.686379
  • Midland LibraryBorrow it
    805 SE 122nd Avenue, Portland, OR, 97233, US
    45.516683 -122.538488
  • North Portland LibraryBorrow it
    512 N Killingsworth Street, Portland, OR, 97217, US
    45.562454 -122.671507
  • Northwest LibraryBorrow it
    2300 NW Thurman Street, Portland, OR, 97210, US
    45.535316 -122.699254
  • Rockwood LibraryBorrow it
    17917 SE Stark Street, Portland, OR, 97233, US
    45.519541 -122.479013
  • Sellwood-Moreland LibraryBorrow it
    7860 SE 13th Avenue, Portland, OR, 97202, US
    45.467703 -122.652639
  • St. Johns LibraryBorrow it
    7510 N Charleston Avenue, Portland, OR, 97203, US
    45.590046 -122.751043
  • The Title Wave Used BookstoreBorrow it
    216 NE Knott Street, Portland, OR, 97212, US
    45.541647 -122.663075
  • Troutdale LibraryBorrow it
    2451 SW Cherry Park Road, Troutdale, OR, 97060, US
    45.529595 -122.409662
  • Woodstock LibraryBorrow it
    6008 SE 49th Avenue, Portland, OR, 97206, US
    45.478961 -122.612079
Processing Feedback ...