The Resource From Stars to Stalagmites : How Everything Connects

From Stars to Stalagmites : How Everything Connects

Label
From Stars to Stalagmites : How Everything Connects
Title
From Stars to Stalagmites
Title remainder
How Everything Connects
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Feynman once selected, as the single most important statement in science, that everything is made of atoms. It follows that the properties of everything depend on how these atoms are joined together, giving rise to the vast field we know of today as chemistry. In this unique book specifically written to bridge the gap between chemistry and the layman, Braterman has put together a series of linked essays on chemistry related themes that are particularly engaging. The book begins with the age of the earth, and concludes with the life cycle of stars. In between, there are atoms old and new, the ozone hole mystery and how it was solved, synthetic fertilisers and explosives, reading the climate record, the extraction of metals, the wetness of water, and how the greenhouse effect on climate really works. A chapter in praise of uncertainty leads on to the "fuzziness" and sharing of electrons, and from there to molecular shape, grass-green and blood-red, the wetness of water, and molecular recognition as the basis of life. Organised in such a way as to illustrate and develop underlying principles and approaches, this book will appeal to anyone interested in chemistry, as well as its history and key personalities. Where many other titles have failed, this book succeeds brilliantly in capturing the spirit and essence of chemistry and delivering the science in easily digestible terms
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Braterman, Paul S
LC call number
Q175.5 -- .B73 2012eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
ProQuest (Firm)
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Science -- Social aspects
  • Stalactites and stalagmites
  • Stars
Label
From Stars to Stalagmites : How Everything Connects
Link
http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/multco/detail.action?docID=919148
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Contents -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- 1. The Age of the Earth - An Age-Old Question Who thought what and when, and why -- Pre-Scientific Theories -- in the Beginning -- The Transition to Modern Thinking -- The Beginnings of Geological Dating -- Radioactive Dating -- the Gap Widens -- Views Reconciled - Sources of the Missing Energy -- Plate Tectonics and Continental Uplift -- To Sum Up -- 2. Atoms Old and New From Democritus to Rutherford -- Atomic Theory in Ancient Times -- The Transition to Modern Thinking -- The Scientific Revolution and the Revival of Corpuscular Theory - 1600-1700 -- Early Modern Theory - 1780-1840 -- Evidence from the Behaviour of Gases (To Around 1860) -- Structural Chemistry, 1870 On -- Einstein and Lucretius -- The Modern Era -- To Sum Up -- 3. The Banker Who Lost His Head Lavoisier, gunpowder, revolution, and the birth of modern chemistry -- A Civil Servant Scientist -- Reform, Revolution, and the Terror -- Guinea Pig, Mesmerism, and Placebo -- Chemistry, Elements, and The Elements of Chemistry -- In The Rearview Mirror -- To Sum Up -- 4. From Particles to Molecules, with A Note On Homoeopathy Dalton, Avogadro, Cannizzaro -- why did it take so long for the penny to drop? -- Obscure but Famous -- The Development of Dalton's Thinking -- Dalton's Atomic Theory -- A Note On Homoeopathy -- To Sum Up -- 5. The Discovery of the Noble Gases - What's so New About Neon? A tiny difference in density leads to a whole new group of elements -- Hidden in Plain Sight -- An Extraterrestrial Element -- "That's Funny ..." -- An Answer, but More Questions -- Six for the Price of One -- Implications -- To Sum Up -- 6. Science, War, and Morality -- The Tragedy of Fritz Haber Ammonia, explosives, fertiliser, gas warfare, and the most unintended of consequences -- Early Life and Career
  • Simple Reaction, Complex Problem, Major Importance -- Heterogeneous Catalysts and How They Work -- The Engineering Challenge -- Haber's Expanding Role -- Consequences -- Chemical Weapons Today -- Fertilisers, Population, and the Haber Process -- Further Prospects -- Conclusions -- To Sum Up -- 7. The Ozone Hole Story - A Mystery with Three Suspects Volcano, refrigerator, or jet plane? -- The Victim -- The Crime -- The Investigation -- Suspect #1: Nitrogen Oxides -- Suspect #2: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), e.g. CF2Cl2 -- Suspect #3: Volcanic Emissions -- Political Pressures. Whistle-Blowers Vindicated -- Passing Sentence -- Connections and Ramifications -- To Sum Up -- 8. Rain Gauge, Thermometer, Calendar, Warning What a stalagmite tells us about climate past -- what history tells us about climate future -- The Stalagmite's Story -- The Tree Ring's Tale,5 and Other Stories -- Elsewhere on the Planet -- To Sum Up -- 9. Making Metal Iron from the sky. Philistines and Phoenicians. Domestic uses of arsenic. Eros in Piccadilly. The jet age -- The Gold Standard -- From Stone to Bronze, From Bronze to Iron -- The Poisonous Metals -- Arsenic, Mercury, Lead -- Getting More Reactive -- Zinc, Magnesium, Sodium -- Special Tricks -- Why all These Differences? -- What Next? -- To Sum Up -- 10. In Praise of Uncertainty Unavoidable, and a good thing too -- The Need for Uncertainty -- The Philosopher's Paradox -- Not Proven -- Ignorance as a Predictive Tool -- A Quantum of Uncertainty -- Sheer Chaos -- It Doesn't Compute -- In Conclusion -- 11. Everything is Fuzzy And the smaller, the fuzzier. Waves are particles. Particles are waves. Crisis in the atom -- Light is Waves -- Light is Particles -- The Crisis in the Atom -- Indeterminacy -- Particles are Waves, But No One Understands How This is Possible -- What Happened to Everyone -- To Sum Up
  • 12. Why Things Have Shapes Lewis's magic cubes. Stealing, sharing, double counting. The power of repulsion -- Wasted lives -- Chemistry by the Numbers -- Particles in Motion -- The Rule of Eight -- Two for the Price of One -- But How is this Possible? -- More about Lewis -- Shape -- To Sum Up -- 13. Why Grass is Green or Why Our Blood is Red An old question answered. From sunlight to sugar. A brief history of colour vision. Blood and iron -- The Nature of Colour -- Sunlight to Sugar -- Putting it all Together -- The Bird's Eye View is Different -- And Now for Donne's Other Mystery, Why Blood is Red -- To Sum Up -- 14. Why Water is Weird Fragile bonds. Floating ice and foreign policy. Molecular recognition and the molecules of life -- Going Liquid -- The Hydrogen Bond -- Why Ice Floats, and Why it Matters -- Other Weird Liquids -- Wet and Wonderful -- Fact, Fraud, and Fiction -- What Makes Life Possible -- To Sum Up -- 15. The Sun, The Earth, The Greenhouse Yellow-hot sun, infrared-warm Earth. When it comes to carbon dioxide, more is more. Disinformation and denialism -- All Things Glow -- The Sun -- The Earth -- The Greenhouse -- Fire, Flood, and Famine? -- But What About...? -- Uncertainty and its Implications -- To Sum Up -- 16. In The Beginning From Big Bang to small planet. The birth and death of stars. Size matters. The making of the elements. Vital dust -- In the Beginning ... -- An Inconstant Universe -- The Big Bang, and its Aftermath -- A Star is Born, and Lives, and Dies -- The Death of Stars, the Birth of Elements -- Ends and Beginnings -- Endnotes -- Glossary -- Index
Control code
EBC919148
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (328 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789814324984
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2017. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC919148
  • (Au-PeEL)EBL919148
  • (CaPaEBR)ebr10563476
  • (CaONFJC)MIL364624
  • (OCoLC)794328433
Label
From Stars to Stalagmites : How Everything Connects
Link
http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/multco/detail.action?docID=919148
Publication
Copyright
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Contents -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- 1. The Age of the Earth - An Age-Old Question Who thought what and when, and why -- Pre-Scientific Theories -- in the Beginning -- The Transition to Modern Thinking -- The Beginnings of Geological Dating -- Radioactive Dating -- the Gap Widens -- Views Reconciled - Sources of the Missing Energy -- Plate Tectonics and Continental Uplift -- To Sum Up -- 2. Atoms Old and New From Democritus to Rutherford -- Atomic Theory in Ancient Times -- The Transition to Modern Thinking -- The Scientific Revolution and the Revival of Corpuscular Theory - 1600-1700 -- Early Modern Theory - 1780-1840 -- Evidence from the Behaviour of Gases (To Around 1860) -- Structural Chemistry, 1870 On -- Einstein and Lucretius -- The Modern Era -- To Sum Up -- 3. The Banker Who Lost His Head Lavoisier, gunpowder, revolution, and the birth of modern chemistry -- A Civil Servant Scientist -- Reform, Revolution, and the Terror -- Guinea Pig, Mesmerism, and Placebo -- Chemistry, Elements, and The Elements of Chemistry -- In The Rearview Mirror -- To Sum Up -- 4. From Particles to Molecules, with A Note On Homoeopathy Dalton, Avogadro, Cannizzaro -- why did it take so long for the penny to drop? -- Obscure but Famous -- The Development of Dalton's Thinking -- Dalton's Atomic Theory -- A Note On Homoeopathy -- To Sum Up -- 5. The Discovery of the Noble Gases - What's so New About Neon? A tiny difference in density leads to a whole new group of elements -- Hidden in Plain Sight -- An Extraterrestrial Element -- "That's Funny ..." -- An Answer, but More Questions -- Six for the Price of One -- Implications -- To Sum Up -- 6. Science, War, and Morality -- The Tragedy of Fritz Haber Ammonia, explosives, fertiliser, gas warfare, and the most unintended of consequences -- Early Life and Career
  • Simple Reaction, Complex Problem, Major Importance -- Heterogeneous Catalysts and How They Work -- The Engineering Challenge -- Haber's Expanding Role -- Consequences -- Chemical Weapons Today -- Fertilisers, Population, and the Haber Process -- Further Prospects -- Conclusions -- To Sum Up -- 7. The Ozone Hole Story - A Mystery with Three Suspects Volcano, refrigerator, or jet plane? -- The Victim -- The Crime -- The Investigation -- Suspect #1: Nitrogen Oxides -- Suspect #2: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), e.g. CF2Cl2 -- Suspect #3: Volcanic Emissions -- Political Pressures. Whistle-Blowers Vindicated -- Passing Sentence -- Connections and Ramifications -- To Sum Up -- 8. Rain Gauge, Thermometer, Calendar, Warning What a stalagmite tells us about climate past -- what history tells us about climate future -- The Stalagmite's Story -- The Tree Ring's Tale,5 and Other Stories -- Elsewhere on the Planet -- To Sum Up -- 9. Making Metal Iron from the sky. Philistines and Phoenicians. Domestic uses of arsenic. Eros in Piccadilly. The jet age -- The Gold Standard -- From Stone to Bronze, From Bronze to Iron -- The Poisonous Metals -- Arsenic, Mercury, Lead -- Getting More Reactive -- Zinc, Magnesium, Sodium -- Special Tricks -- Why all These Differences? -- What Next? -- To Sum Up -- 10. In Praise of Uncertainty Unavoidable, and a good thing too -- The Need for Uncertainty -- The Philosopher's Paradox -- Not Proven -- Ignorance as a Predictive Tool -- A Quantum of Uncertainty -- Sheer Chaos -- It Doesn't Compute -- In Conclusion -- 11. Everything is Fuzzy And the smaller, the fuzzier. Waves are particles. Particles are waves. Crisis in the atom -- Light is Waves -- Light is Particles -- The Crisis in the Atom -- Indeterminacy -- Particles are Waves, But No One Understands How This is Possible -- What Happened to Everyone -- To Sum Up
  • 12. Why Things Have Shapes Lewis's magic cubes. Stealing, sharing, double counting. The power of repulsion -- Wasted lives -- Chemistry by the Numbers -- Particles in Motion -- The Rule of Eight -- Two for the Price of One -- But How is this Possible? -- More about Lewis -- Shape -- To Sum Up -- 13. Why Grass is Green or Why Our Blood is Red An old question answered. From sunlight to sugar. A brief history of colour vision. Blood and iron -- The Nature of Colour -- Sunlight to Sugar -- Putting it all Together -- The Bird's Eye View is Different -- And Now for Donne's Other Mystery, Why Blood is Red -- To Sum Up -- 14. Why Water is Weird Fragile bonds. Floating ice and foreign policy. Molecular recognition and the molecules of life -- Going Liquid -- The Hydrogen Bond -- Why Ice Floats, and Why it Matters -- Other Weird Liquids -- Wet and Wonderful -- Fact, Fraud, and Fiction -- What Makes Life Possible -- To Sum Up -- 15. The Sun, The Earth, The Greenhouse Yellow-hot sun, infrared-warm Earth. When it comes to carbon dioxide, more is more. Disinformation and denialism -- All Things Glow -- The Sun -- The Earth -- The Greenhouse -- Fire, Flood, and Famine? -- But What About...? -- Uncertainty and its Implications -- To Sum Up -- 16. In The Beginning From Big Bang to small planet. The birth and death of stars. Size matters. The making of the elements. Vital dust -- In the Beginning ... -- An Inconstant Universe -- The Big Bang, and its Aftermath -- A Star is Born, and Lives, and Dies -- The Death of Stars, the Birth of Elements -- Ends and Beginnings -- Endnotes -- Glossary -- Index
Control code
EBC919148
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (328 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789814324984
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2017. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC919148
  • (Au-PeEL)EBL919148
  • (CaPaEBR)ebr10563476
  • (CaONFJC)MIL364624
  • (OCoLC)794328433

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